Most symptoms of prostate cancer are similar to the signs of an enlarged prostate – a very common occurrence in older age. However, if the cancer is left to spread to other parts of the body, there’ll be things to look out for.
Macmillan Cancer Support explained the first sign of a secondary cancer in the bones is “usually an ache in the bone”.
This tends to occur in the back or in the hips, and the pain gradually worsens “over a few weeks”.
This type of back ache differs from arthritis, for example, which tends to feel worse in the mornings and disappears.
Secondary bone cancer can gradually weaken bones, which can make getting around more difficult.
The symptoms of prostate cancer may also be present, which include the following:
- Difficulty urinating – for example, a weak flow or having to strain to start peeing
- Needing to urinate more often than usual, especially at night
- Feeling like you have not completely emptied your bladder after peeing
- An urgent need to pee
- Blood in the urine or semen
- Rarely, pain when peeing or ejaculating.
Theses symptoms resemble the signs of a (non-cancerous) enlarged prostate.
What is an enlarged prostate?
The medical term is “benign prostate enlargement”, certified the national health body (NHS).
Common in men over 50 years old, the enlargements is thought to be linked to hormonal changes.
An enlarged prostate – situated between the penis and bladder inside the body – presses on the urethra.
The urethra is the tube that urine passes through and exits at the tip of the penis.
Symptoms of an enlarged prostate can include the following:
- Difficulty starting to pee
- A frequent need to pee
- Difficulty fully emptying your bladder
Treatment will depend on how severe symptoms are, but lifestyle changes are usually recommended; this includes:
- Drinking less alcohol, caffeine and fizzy drinks
- Limiting your intake of artificial sweeteners
- Exercising regularly
- Drinking less in the evening
Medication can also be offered to reduce the size of the prostate and to relax the bladder.
If you notice any of these symptom, do tell your GP who can help determine whether it’s an enlarged prostate or prostate cancer.
Macmillan confirmed the first test used to diagnose prostate cancer is a rectal examination.
Following this, your GP may refer you for other tests at the hospital.
“Most prostate cancers grow very slowly,” assured the charity. “Even if it takes a couple of weeks to get your results, it is unlikely that the cancer will change during this time.”
Treatment options include radiotherapy, surgery and hormonal therapy, which will include follow-up appointments.
If you’ve been diagnosed with prostate cancer and you’d like to speak to someone for support, Macmillan is here for you.
The Macmillan Support Line can be reached on 0808 808 00 00, specialists can also be contacted online from the website.
The charity also has an “Online Community” where people can share their experience with the disease and experts can be asked questions.
For more information on prostate cancer, please do visit Macmillan Cancer Support.